Fluency Prosody includes: pausing, phrasing, stress, intonation, rate. When fluent readers read silently they recognize words automatically, to help them gain meaning from what they read.
|C – D||20-30|
|E – I||30 – 55|
|J – M||55-90|
|N – P||90 – 110|
|Q – S||110 – 120|
|T – V||120 – 130|
|W – Z||130 +|
6 Dimensions of Fluency
Fluency Passages to practice with and Resources by Grade Level
Fluency Rubric (from Fountas & Pinnell Benchmark Systems used in Jordan School District)
Student reads primarily word-by-word with occasional but infrequent or inappropriate phrasing; no smooth or expressive interpretation, irregular pausing, and no attention to author’s meaning or punctuation; no stress or inappropriate stress, and at a slow rate.
Student reads primarily in two-word phrases with some three-and four-word groups and some word-by-word reading; almost no smooth expressive interpretation or pausing guided by author’s meaning and punctuation; almost no stress or inappropriate stress, at a slow rate most of the time.
Student reads primarily in three-or four-word phrase groups; some smooth, expressive interpretation and pausing guided by author’s meaning and punctuation; most appropriate stress at an appropriate rate, with some slowdowns.
Student read primarily in larger, meaningful phrases or word groups; mostly smooth, expressive interpretation and pausing, guided by author’s meaning and punctuation; appropriate stress and at an appropriate rate, with only a few slowdowns.