Fluency

Fluency Prosody includes: pausing, phrasing, stress, intonation, rate. When fluent readers read silently they recognize words automatically, to help them gain meaning from what they read.

Guided Reading   Levels Suggested Fluency  Rate Spectrum
C - D 20-30
E - I 30 - 55
J - M 55-90
N - P 90 - 110
Q - S 110 - 120
T - V 120 - 130
W - Z 130 +

6 Dimensions of Fluency
Fluency Passages and Resources by Grade Level

                 0
Student reads primarily word-by-word with occasional but infrequent or inappropriate phrasing; no smooth or expressive interpretation, irregular pausing, and no attention to author’s meaning or punctuation; no stress or inappropriate stress, and at a slow rate.
              1
Student reads primarily in two-word phrases with some three-and four-word groups and some word-by-word reading; almost no smooth expressive interpretation or pausing guided by author’s meaning and punctuation; almost no stress or inappropriate stress, at a slow rate most of the time.
            2
Student reads primarily in three-or four-word phrase groups; some smooth, expressive interpretation and pausing guided by author’s meaning and punctuation; most appropriate stress at an appropriate rate, with some slowdowns.
               3
Student read primarily in larger, meaningful phrases or word groups; mostly smooth, expressive interpretation and pausing, guided by author’s meaning and punctuation; appropriate stress and at an appropriate rate, with only a few slowdowns.